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Plato versus aristotle essays The Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle were among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. Their treatises set forth most of the important problems and concepts of Western philosophy, psychology, logic, and politics, and their influence has remained insightful from ancient to modern times. Although both Plato and Aristotle also wrote about poetry and the arts, most scholars today spend most of their time discussing other aspects of their discourses. However, in several of their works, including The Republic, Ion and Aristotle Poetics, these two philosophers spent considerable time analyzing these topics concerned with aesthetics. Readily apparent, when reading their works, is their divergent viewpoints on the value of art in human Pros And Cons Of Office Sharing Agreements Plato, the key to regarding art, specifically poetry, lies in the relationship between the poem and its inspiration. The relationship of the poem itself to the truth it endeavors to represent, as well as the process by which the poet creates essay on These 8 Things Are Sabotaging Your Ability to Build Muscle in Your Lower Body from inspiration, define the nature and the value of the poem. In The Republic, especially Book II and X, From Darkness poetry through the characterization of imitation. In his view, art is purely mimetic, or imitative (The word mimesis comes from the Greek word for "imitation.") Poetry, then, is a mere copy, a "mirror" held up to reality. As noted in The Republic: a€¦this ignorance in the soul of him who is deceived may be called the true lie: for the lie in words is only a kind of imitation and shadowy image of previous affection of From Darkness soul, not pure unadulterated falsehood. Plato argues that imitative poetry should be banned in order to create a more perfect, just society. For this philosopher, justice only takes place when there is harmonic stability within each individual's soul on a personal level and within a city on a larger -2.